Our Family History

by Nicholas Michael - and many others

Notes


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1  LAIDMAN, Ebenezer Lyon (I3369)
 
2  BROWN, Martha (I5458)
 
3  SNOWDON, Dennis Van Horn (I12720)
 
4  SORRELL, Mary Emma (I15749)
 
5  SORRELL, Jessie (I15991)
 
6  LAIDMAN, Florence Lily (I16364)
 
7

Cause of death: a) Uraemia b) Cerebral thrombosis c) Arteriosclerosis

There is a memorial to Sidney in Stoke Poges Memorial Gardens. It is not known if his ashes are buried there or not.

Passenger lists:
UK Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960:

5 August 1920, Liverpool, from Quebec, “Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm” (Canadian Pacific Line):
Michael Sidney, Moselle & David Vivian [sic], ℅ S. Michael, 5 Broad St. Place, London EC2, 1st class, Merchant, respective ages 39, 35 and 6 ½, country of last permanent residence: China.

6 August 1924, Southampton, from Quebec, “Empress of Scotland” (Canadian Pacific Line):
Michael, Sidney, Moselle, David Vivian, Iris Vere, 5, Rutland Court, Knightsbridge, London S.W.7., First [class], [respectively] Merchant 42, H’wife 38, School 9, - 3, Country of last permanent residence: China.

7 January 1932, Southampton, from Barcelona, “Arandora Star” (Blue Star Line), Mediterranean Cruise:
Michael Mr. S., Mrs. M., Mr.V.D., Miss I.V., 5 Rutland Court, London.S.W.7., [respectively] Merchant 51, Married Wmn 46, Student 18, Scholar 11, Country of Permanent Residence: England.

20 January 1933, London, from Yokohama, via Shanghai, Colombo, Bombay, Plymouth; “Ranpura” (P&O):
Port of embarcation: Port Said, Michael Sidney & Iris, 5 Rutland Court, Knightsbridge, SW7, 1st [class], [profession] H.D., ages 50, 12, Country of last permanent residence: England

UK Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960

18 December 1931, from Southampton to ‘Mediterranean Cruise’, *Arandora Star” :
Michael Sidney, 5, Rutland Court, London, S.W.7., Merchant, 47
Michael Moselle, [same address], 44
Michael Vivian, [same address], 18
Michael Iris, [same address], 10
Stunt Jesse, [same address], Nurse, 39

16 December 1932, from Southampton to Port Said and Batavia, Java, “Marnix Van Sint Aldegonde” (Nederland Royal Mail Line):
Michael, Mr Sydney, 5, Rutland Court, London S.W7, 1st, Port Said, Merchant, 46
Michael, Mr Vivian David, [same address], 1st, Port Said, None, 19
Michael, Miss Iris Vere, [same address], 1st, Port Said, None, 13
Stunt, Miss Jessie Amelia, [same address], 1st, Port Said, None, 45
Michael, Mrs Mosella, [same address], 1st, Singapore., None, 46
Country of last permanent residence: England
Country of intended future permanent residence: England

20 November 1947, from Southampton to New York, “Queen Mary” (Cunard):
Michael. Sidney., 66, 5 Rutland Court London S.W.7., Retired
Michael. Moselle., 61, 5 Rutland Court London S.W.7., H. Wife.
Michael. Vivian., 34, West Lodge. Cookham Berks., Solicitor
Michael. Denise., 29, West Lodge. Cookham Berks., H. Wife.
Michael. Carolyn., 3, West Lodge. Cookham Berks., Child
Country of last permanent residence: England
Country of intended future permanent residence: England 
MICHAEL, Sidney (Solomon) (I1230)
 
8
Arthur David Laidman Shaw was born in the Anderson home at 2 Hankey St. Wellington 31.10.1895. He was brought up in New Plymouth and with his cousins went off to Nelson College 1909 -1911 for his secondary schooling. At some stage after his father’s death his mother moved to Auckland where Arthur took a clerical job prior to joining the Army and serving in France in the NZ Divisional Signals Corp. After the war he took up farming first in the Waikato and in the early 1930s at Awanui Northland. He served as a Councilor on the Mangonui County Council and was also prominent in local affairs including President of the local RSA and the Red Cross. During the 1939-1945 war he again joined up with the NZ Army, this time serving as a Signals Officer (Lieutenant) in the T Force in Tonga in the Pacific. Whilst he was away in the Army his wife (Bessie Marie) sold the farm and moved to Auckland where Arthur joined her on his discharge from the Army at the end of the war in 1945. In Auckland he took a clerical position where he worked until his death on 28 September 1962. Bessie Marie (nee Morrison) lived on until her death on 8 February 1976. 
SHAW, Arthur David Laidman (I12658)
 
9
Bernard of Neufmarché (c. 1050 – c. 1125) was "the first of the original conquerors of Wales."[1] He was a minor Norman lord who rose to power in the Welsh Marches before successfully undertaking the invasion and conquest of the Kingdom of Brycheiniog between 1088 and 1095. Out of the ruins of the Welsh kingdom he created the Anglo-Norman lordship of Brecon. His byname comes from Neuf-Marché, from the Latin Novo Mercato, and has sometimes been Anglicised as "Newmarket" or "Newmarch".

Because Bernard's family had attachments to the monastery of Saint-Evroul-sur-Ouche, the monkish chronicler Orderic Vitalis of that foundation had special knowledge of him and his family, though this still does not reduce the general obscurity of his origins or his life when compared to the richer Marcher lords, like the great Roger of Montgomery.[2] Bernard was the son of the minor and incompetent Norman baron Geoffrey de Neufmarché and Ada de Hugleville,[3] and he was born at the castle of Le-Neuf-Marché-en-Lions on the frontier between Normandy and Beauvais.[4] His ancestors on his mother's side had founded the town of Aufay south of Dieppe on the Scie, while his paternal grandfather, Turketil had served the young William II of Normandy as a guardian and was killed in that capacity. On his mother's side he also descended from Richard II of Normandy.[5]


The question of Bernard's participation in the Battle of Hastings and therefore in the Norman Invasion is subject to debate.[4] While Bernard had close family connections to the port of Saint-Valery-sur-Somme from which William's invading fleet launched, Bernard himself was not the ruler of that city and need not have been in the fleet. He had later connections with Battle Abbey: he established a cell of that abbey in Brecon, but that may have been an analogous foundation intended to mark his conquest of Brycheiniog.[6] Bernard's peculiar absence from the Domesday Book more or less damns the case for his presence at Hastings, for it is impossible that a noble participant in the victorious battle should not have received land to be recorded in Domesday if he was still living in 1087.[6]

Bernard was finally rewarded by the king, then William II of Normandy, in 1086 or 1087. He received lands in Herefordshire and lands which had devolved to the crown with the deaths of Gilbert fitz Thorold and Alfred of Marlborough.[7] Gilbert's lands were concentrated in Herefordshire and included the manors of Bach, Middlewood, and Harewood in the Golden Valley and the castles of Dorstone, Snodhill, and Urishay connecting Clifford Castle to Ewyas Harold, which belonged to Alfred's lordship.[8] Among Bernard's acquisitions from Gilbert was the domus defensabilis of Eardisley. From Alfred he received Pembridge, Burghill, and Brinsop.[6] Of these Snodhill was not founded until the twelfth century and then became the caput of the honour of Chandos. Bernard was also established in Speen and Newbury in Berkshire and Brinsop and Burghill in Herefordshire sometime before 1079. Both these latter vills were held from his honour of Brecon in the twelfth century. Bernard's omission from Domesday is especially peculiar there. It is possible that he had some kind of exemption.

Probably as a consequence of his rapid rise in the marches, Bernard attracted the attention of Osbern fitz Richard, who gave him his daughter, Agnes (Nest), whose mother was the Welsh princess Nest, daughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn and Edith of Mercia,[3] in marriage sometime before 1099.[9] She brought with her a dowry of Berrington and Little Hereford.

All of Bernard's estates lay in the valley of the River Wye and along an old Roman road which led from Watling Street to Y Gaer and on into Brycheiniog. The military possibilities of that road could only have encouraged his subsequent ventures into Wales.[10]

Bernard joined the rebellion of the marcher lords against William Rufus at Lent in 1088.[11] Bernard escaped without recorded punishment and the king probably conceded the marcher lords the right to expand their lands by conquest at the expense of the Welsh buffer kingdoms of Brycheiniog, Morgannwg, and Gwynllwg.[12] Shortly after the settlement with the king, Bernard spearheaded an invasion of Brycheiniog which was to lead eventually to its conquest. Before the end of the year, though, he had captured Glasbury, for he issued a charter for lands near that place to the abbey of Saint Peter's at Gloucester (Autumn 1088).[6]

The chronology of events at this juncture is often confused. Bernard may well have already been in power in Brycheiniog by 1088 if he had already inherited a claim to it after the defeat of Roger de Breteuil, Earl of Hereford, in 1075. In 1088 the king, William Rufus, confirmed a previous charter of Bernard's stating that he had already made an exchange "within his lordship of Brycheiniog" at Glasbury. He also already held Castell Dinas which had probably been built by the Earl of Hereford before 1075.

After the initial conquest of 1088, Bernard continued warring with Brycheiniog until 1090, probably supported by Richard fitz Pons, the lord of Clifford.[13] Talgarth was captured early and a castle was constructed at Bronllys where the rivers Dulais and Llynfi meet, a site probably central to the llys of the tywysog of the commote of Bronllys.[13] By 1091 Bernard had reached the valley of the Usk, which was at the centre of the kingdom which was to become his own principality.

There is some discrepancy in this description of events also. Richard Fitz Pons was lord of Llandovery, which he had reached probably through Glamorgan, already by 1088. Bronllys Castle may not have been built until 1144, when Roger Fitzmiles, Earl of Hereford, is first recorded granting it as a five knights' fee mesne barony to Walter de Clifford, son of Richard Fitz Pons.
According to much later accounts and reconstructions, the accuracy of which is very dubious but which contain some references to verifiable history, the king of Brycheiniog, Bleddyn ap Maenarch, allied with the king of Deheubarth, Rhys ap Tewdwr, in 1093 (or perhaps 1094) and tried to attack the forces of Bernard which were building a castle at Brecon on the Usk and Honddu in the centre of a great plain in his kingdom where several Roman viae met.[14] Bleddyn led a charge up the hill, but the Normans defeated the Welsh and Rhys was killed in battle. Brecknock Priory, which was later founded at the site of the battle, may have been built on the spot where Rhys supposedly fell.[15] Bleddyn died not long after and Bernard was able to advance over the whole of Brycheiniog.

Reliable historical records refer to no king of Brycheiniog after a Tewdwr ab Elise who died after 934. Certainly there is no contemporary reference to a Bleddyn ap Maenarch. The Welsh Bruts simply state that "Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth, was slain by the Frenchmen who were inhabiting Brycheiniog." This passage lends evidence to the belief that the conquest of Brycheiniog was mostly finished by Eastertide 1093 and that the main effect of the battle of Brecon was to open the way to the conquest of Deheubarth.

He followed the Usk down to Ystradyw and took it, which incited the bishops of Llandaff to protest because the annexation of Ystradyw removed it from their diocese and brought it into the lordship of Brecon, which was under the episcopal authority of Saint David's.[16] In Spring 1094, the southern Welsh rose in revolt against the Normans that had come to dominate them. Brycheiniog was unaffected and the Normans of that region launched a counterattack from Ystrad Tywy and Cantref Bychan which devastated Kidwelly and Gower but did not put down the revolt.[16] In 1095 it spread to Brycheiniog and the Welsh of the countryside, allied with their compatriots of Gwynllwg and Gwent took back control of the province while the Normans were forced into their fortified centres.

Two expeditions from Glamorgan came to the rescue of the garrisons of Brycheiniog. The first was crushed in battle at Celli Carnant, but the second defeated the rebels at Aber Llech.[17] What followed was the complete encastellation of Brycheiniog. Among the castles possibly built during Bernard's lordship to defend the entrances to Brycheiniog from the southeast were Tretower, Blaen Llyfni (not attested before 1207–1215), and Crickhowell.

Bernard also extensively enfeoffed his followers with Welsh land.[17] Richard fitz Pons may have been enfeoffed at Cantref Selyff on the western border of Brycheiniog and immediately he began in miniature the process whereby Bernard had come to rule Brycheiniog.[17] However, Richard's son Walter is the first recorded landholder at Cantref Selyff. Furthermore, Bernard enfeoffed the sons of the king he had displaced in the less habitable land, thereby creating a loyal Welsh aristocracy and extracting more out of his land than the Normans otherwise knew how to do.[18] The Normans lived predominantly in the valleys and lowlands in an agrarian society while the Welsh kept to the hills and mountains living pastorally, thus creating an overall economic gain.[19]
Among Bleddyn's sons, Gwrgan received Blaen Llyfni and Aberllyfni while Caradog received an unnamed hill country, and Drymbenog, Bleddyn's brother, was given land neighbouring that of Richard fitz Pons.

By the time of his death around 1125, Bernard had established a flourishing borough around his castle of Brecon. Henry I had married Bernard's daughter Sibyl to Miles Fitz Walter, the High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, in 1121 and passed a significant portion of Bernard's honour to him as a dowry, including Hay-on-Wye Castle.[20] According to Giraldus Cambrensis this was because Mahel de Neufmarché the son and heir of Bernard had mutilated the paramour of his mother. In vengeance his mother, Nesta, swore to King Henry I that her son was illegitimate. Henry was therefore able by law and custom to pass over Mahel and give the land to his friend and confident Miles Fitz Walter with Bernard's legal heiress in marriage.

References
Notes
1 Nelson, 123.
2 Nelson, 83.
3 Cawley, Charles, Bernard de Neufmarché, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Untitled English Nobility, at Medieval Lands Project.
4 Nelson, 84.
5 Nelson, 83. He was not, as sometimes claimed, a half-brother of the Conqueror, but rather distant cousin.
6 Nelson, 85.
7 Nelson, 86. Barlow, 321.
8 Nelson, 86.
9 Nelson, 86. There has been confusion in the past regarding Bernard's wife's identity. He had only one wife and Nest was not his second wife but rather his mother-in-law.
10 Nelson, 87.
11 Nelson, 81.
12 Nelson, 88.
13 Nelson, 89.
14 Nelson, 82.
15 Nelson, 90 and n25.
16 Nelson, 90 and n26.
17 Nelson, 91.
18 Nelson, 92.
19 Nelson, 93.
20 Holt, 7.

Bibliography
▪ Barlow, Frank. William Rufus. 1983.
▪ Holt, J. C. "Presidential Address: Feudal Society and the Family in Early Medieval England: IV. The Heiress and the Alien." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th Ser., Vol. 35. (1985), pp 1–28.
▪  Hunt, William (1885). "Bernard (fl.1093)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
▪ Nelson, Lynn H. The Normans in South Wales, 1070–1171. University of Texas Press: Austin, 1966.
▪ Remfry, P. M. Hay on Wye Castle, 1066 to 1521. ISBN 1-899376-07-0.
▪ Remfry, P. M. Castell Bwlch y Dinas and the Families of Fitz Osbern, Neufmarché, Gloucester, Hereford, Braose, Fitz Herbert. ISBN 1-899376-79-8. 
de NEUFMARCHÉ, Bernard Lord of Brecon (I22574)
 
10
Isaac II Angelus, ruled 1185-95, 1203-4, died 1204, Eastern Roman Emperor, son of Andronicus Angelus (m. Euphrosyne Castamonita), son of Theodora Comnena (m. Constantinus Angelus), daughter of Alexis I, Comnenus, b. 1048, d. 15 Aug 1118, Emperor of the East, who m. c 1078, Irene, daughter of Andonicus Ducas, by wife Maria, daughter of Trojan of Bulgaria, son of Samuel, d. 1014, King of Bulgaria. [Ancestral Roots, line 45-27]

-----------------------

Isaac II Angelos or Angelus (Greek: Ισαάκιος Β’ Άγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos; September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.

His father Andronikos Doukas Angelos was a military leader in Asia Minor (c. 1122 – aft. 1185) who married Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa (c. 1125 – aft. 1195). Andronikos Doukas Angelos was the son of Constantine Angelos and Theodora Komnene (b. 15 January 1096/1097), the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. Thus Isaac was a member of the extended imperial clan of the Komnenoi. 
ANGELUS, Isaac II Emperor of Byzantium (I32114)
 
11
There is much confusion between the daughters (it is not even clear whether there were two or only one) of Uchtred the Bold by his second marriage to Ælfgifu. I am simplifying things by assuming that Ealdgyth was, if not his only daughter, sole mother of his grandchildren by Ælfgifu of Wessex.

According to the Pedigree of the Medieval de Hebdens , Sheet 1, Uchtred first married Egfrida, daughter of Aldun, Bishop Durham and they had two children, Ealdred, Earl of Northumbria who was killed by Thurbrand; and Eawulf who was murdered by Siward. Uchtred married, as his second wife, Sigen, Daughter of Styr and they had two children, Gospagtric, Earl of Northumberia & murdered at Kings Court in 1064; and Arkil married to Sigrida, daughter of Kilvert (all other sources have Sigrida as the daughter of Egfrida and her second husband Kilvert) . Uchtred married a third time to Ældgytha, daughter of Æthelred II, King of England, and they had a daughter named Algatha who married Maldred, brother of Duncan, King of the Scots.

According to Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands, Uhtred's first wife who was "repudiated" by him as Ecgfrida (Egfrida), daughter of Aldun, Bishop of Durham; and gives no children for this first wife. Cawley gives Sigen, daughter of Styr Ulfsson as Uhtred's second wife and attributes the birth of Ealdred, Eadwulf and Gospatrick to Sigen. Uhtred's third wife given is Ælfgifu, daughter of Æthelred II, King of England. They had two daughters, Ælfgifu who married Maldred, son of Crinan; and an unamed daughter who a man named Æthelgar.

According to the Wikipedia Article [source: Kapelle, William E, The Norman Conquest of the North, 1979, University of North Carolina Press] Uhtred and his first wife, Ecgfrida, daughter of Bishop Aldhun, were the parents of his son Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh. Uhtred and his second wife, Sige, daughter of Styr, son of Ulf, had two children, Eadulf and Gospatric. His third wife, Ælfgifu, was the mother of his daughter Ælfgifu.

According to the Yorkshire Archeological Journal, Vol. XIX, p. 55, Uctred's first wife, Egfrida, was the mother of Eadulf, Gospatric and Aldred. Egrida married, as her second husband, Kilvert, a Yorkshire thane and son of Ligulf.

• Web Reference: Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands, Uhtred. 
Simeon of Durham records that "his son Uchtred" succeeded "the elder Walthef" in Northumbria, stating that he was killed by "a powerful Dane Thurbrand surnamed Hold with the consent of Cnut" [Simeon of Durham, p. 556]. "Uhtred dux" subscribed charters of King Æthelred II dated 1009 to 1015 [S 921, S 922, S 926, S 931, S 931b, S 933 and S 934]. He defeated a Scottish army which had besieged Durham in 1006. After the invasion of Svend King of Denmark in 1013, Earl Uhtred submitted to him [Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, E, 1013]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he was murdered on the orders of Eadric "Streona" [Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, C, 1016]. Stenton refers to "northern sources of the Norman age" which show that the chief agent of the murder was Thurbrand, who was in turn killed by Uhtred's son Ealdred [Stenton (2001), p. 390], presumably referring to Simeon of Durham quoted above. 

Uhtred's first wife was repudiated to be Ecgfrida, daughter Aldun Bishop of Durham. His second wife was Sigen, daughter of Styr Ulfsson. His third was was Ælfgifu, daughter of Æthelred II, King of England and his first wife Ælflæd.

• Web Reference: Ahtred the Bold from Wikipedia: 
Uchtred of Uhtred, call "the Bold," was the ealdorman of all Northumbria from 1006 to 1016, when he was assassinated. He was the son of Waltheof I, ealdorman of Bamburgh, whose ancient family had ruled from the castle of Bamburgh on the Northumbrian coast.

• Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition:
Ælfgifu (Elgiva), married Uchtred, Earl of Northumberland, who was murdered in 1016, and was the son of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland.

Gospatric, son and heir of Maldred, presumably the son of Crinan, lay abbot of Dunkeld, by Bethoc, daughter of Malcolm II of Scotland, and Ælfgifu, daughter of Ethelred II. This gave Gospatric the ancestry of the ancient Earls of Northumberland and the royal houses of England and Scotland.

• Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, Vo. IX (Northumberland), p. 704:
Ethelred II recognized Uhtred as earl in his father, Waltheof I's lifetime, and added York to his father's earldom of Northumbria. The context makes clear the king's need for an young and effective warrior in the north, an area where he could never be quite sure of the loyalty of York Danes. Uhtred won a significant victory over the Scots (?1006) and celebrated it by displaying the heads of many of the defeated on the walls of York. was probably already exercising power before his formal investment. He had married Egfrida, the daughter of bishop Ealdhun of Durham, and received with her a dower of half a dozen Durham estates. Now he repudiated Egfrida, duly returned her dowry, and married Sige, the daughter of a rich York citizen, Styr f. Ulf, pretty obviously, as Kapelle points out, as part of an attempt to strengthen the royal party in the north. The marriage alliance is said to have been made "ut Turbrandum sibi inimicissimum interficeret", that is Uhtred was to kill his father-in-law's enemy, thus joining and extending an enmity already in being. This Thurbrand is labeled "Hold", and may have been the equivalent of a Danish king's reeve and thus the leader of York Danes. Whether Uhtred tried to kill him we are not told; likely so. 

The marriage with Sige seems to have been childless; perhaps she died. Ethelred then gave in marriage to Uhtred his own daughter Aelfgifu, further to solidify his party loyalties. When Cnut invaded, he sought Uhtred's military asistance with promises of the confirmation of his earldom properly augmented. Uhtred refused with a ringing declaration of loyalty to his lord, (new) father-in-law, and benefactor with the significant modifier, "quamdiu vixerit". Ethelred did die. Uhtred then (1016) traveled south to come to terms with Cnut ("de pace locuturus"). En route, Thurbrand Hold caught him in an ambush and killed him with his whole Northumbrian entourage said to number forty. Our principal account believes that Cnut authorized this act and even provided his own warriors for the job. Cnut then replaced him with a Norwegian earl of York, but allowed his brother, Eadulf Dudel, to succeed to the Northunbrian earldom 1016/?1019. 

Ealdred, Uhtred's son by his first wife Egfrida, soon succeeded both to the Northumbrian earldom (c. 1019-38) and to the feud. He successfully killed Thurbrand "patrisque sui interfectorem" and entered into a period of open hostilities with Thurbrand's son, Carl. Eventually, mutual amici mediated first a settlement ("concordia") followed by terms for the restitution of mutual amor, terms that apparently included some kind of brotherhood ritual and a joint penitential pilgrimage to Rome. Peace must have seemed close and possible. Unfortunately, bad weather prevented the start of the Rome trip and the moment passed. Having held convivia in Ealdred's honor at his hall, Carl then had his guest killed in a nearby wood, where a stone cross still marked the spot half a century later. He subscribed to some of Cnut's charters and probably relied on royal protection. 

The earldom moved out of the direct Bambergh line. First Eadulf, a son of Egfrida's second marriage (1038-41), then the Danish Siward (1041-55) became earls of Northumbria. Siward, who had Eadulf killed, then married Ealdred's daughter, Aelfflaed, doubtless partly as Kapelle suggests, "to appease local feelings" but also to strengthen his claims to lands and legitimacy. There may also have been other gestures towards the Uhtred's family, [Kapelle, 29, 43-4]. "Justice waited until the 1070s", when Waltheof II (earl 1072-5), great-grandson to Uhtred through Ealdred's daughter, avenged Ealdred's death in appropriate fashion. He caught Carl's sons feasting in the house of the eldest brother near York and killed all the brothers save one, spared as a good man, and one other who was fortunately absent, and the grandsons too. This chilling act ("gravissime clade") was the last recorded in our principal source. Whether it was the end of the feud or Uhtred's line came to regret Waltheof's mercy is unknown. 

Durham had not, however, recovered the lost dowry lands. Earl Siward had successfully claimed these by the hereditary right of his wife, and had then used them to endow her from the lands and perhaps the feud obligation had then passed to their son Waltheof. The lands lost much of their value in the course of further violence ("werra surgente") between Uhtred's descendants and those of Egfrida's second marriage to a certain Yorkshire thegn, Kilvert f. Ligulf. When our account was written, some remained with the Northunbrian earls, some with Kilvert's progeny and some few had even been regained by St. Cuthbert and the monks of Durham. 

[Sources:"De obsessione Dunelmi" (Arnold 1882-5, i. 215-20); "De Northymbrorum Comitibus" (ibid., ii 382-4); Symeon of Durham, "Historia Regum" (ibid. ii. **-***) Comment: Hart 1975, 143-50; Kapelle 1979, 14-49, 127, 134-7, Fleming 1991, 47-9] 
of WESSEX, Ælfgifu (I24280)
 
12 Her father, Roy Nicholas Alley, was the Presbyterian minister at Sandringham, Auckland. His charge the Balmoral Presbyterian Church. A New Zealander of many generations (one of his forebears was a Maori lady) and a fine person. Her mother, Alison Haynes Mimes, member of a long established family from Dunedin.
Jean was born in Dunedin, when her father was the minister in Balciutha. She had just completed her BA degree at Auckland and a yearís course at the Library School in Wellington and started work at the Country Library Service in Hamilton, when we met (a blind date). We married in Jean's father’s church 6 February 1954.
Source: Frits van Westendorp's Family History, 1984.

Mum and Dad then went to Niue Island where Dad took up a position there as Agricultural Officer. All of us girls were born there- me Judy, Karen, and Nikki. Mum developed the library there and learned Niuean. Dad taught in the school's on the management of crops. He developed the copra industry and set up agricultural sections for export and import so that the Islanders could manage their own food crops better. We were there 9 years in all, we loved it, the people the land and the lifestyle. The ship from and to New Zealand, which took us on leave came every three years. There was a monthly ship, eagerly awaited, which brought supplies to Niue, it was a fun event in the island's life. However to give us girls a better education we returned to NZ for good in 1962. For two years we lived in Hamilton and then to New Plymouth where we settled. Mum got a job as a librarian in the town library then she took a job at the Polytechnic. There she built up the book collection from a mere 400 to 4-5000. I think she read every one of them as she was usually working evenings reading and cataloguing the books. She was interested in learning new subjects. She attended courses on different topics, carpentry (she made the furniture for our house), pottery, car maintenance, painting and decorating (which she put to good use on the house), ecology, homeopathy and other subjects. Loved reading. Encouraged us to enjoy new places and musicals, reading, writing and fun and beauty.
Source: Judy van Westendorp by email to Ralph Carter 13/4/2007 
ALLEY, Elspeth Jean (I17107)
 
13 "... Granges-le-Bourg est placé entre le pays d'Héricourt, celui de Villersexel et de la ville de Lure ; ...
Au IXe siècle, un petit groupe de moines de Luxeuil fonde une abbaye sur l'actuel secteur de Granges-la-Ville, un petit village se développe autour.

Entre le Xe et XIe siècle, la famille des Granges bâtit son château sur une colline proche, celle-ci s'avère stratégique pour le site et facilement défendable en cette période troublée. En effet, la foi des moines n'est plus assez forte pour protéger les villageois de la fureur des envahisseurs hongrois, normands et parfois sarrazins qui dévastent la région. Les villageois se regroupent près du château et jurent allégeance au maître des lieux, c'est la naissance de la féodalité.

La nouvelle communauté se développe rapidement et devient un bourg de près de 1 000 habitants (ville de taille moyenne pour l'époque). De nombreux acteurs de la vie économique et politique du secteur se côtoient à l'abri des murailles. Les barons de Granges deviennent des seigneurs puissants et respectés. Quatre foires annuelles se tiennent à Granges, c'est un symbole de la prospérité économique. ..." de GRANGES, Berthe (I24329)
 
14 "Black Jack" Dellal (the Dellal family is of Baghdadian Jewish origins) made a fortune in property in London after the war, buying up bomb sites and turning them into car parks. He bought the freehold of Bush House in the Aldwych for around £50 million in 1987 and sold it two years later for a rumoured £138 million. He is very reclusive.

Joyce Brune (née Michael, distantly related to him) says (December 1996) that Jack Dellal is a very pleasant man and "charming company." He is not so much reclusive as reserved. The Dellal family were not well-off, and she says that Jack's early ambition in life was to make enough money to give his mother "everything she wanted". This has obviously been more than attained! Joyce maintains that the two children by Katya Douglas are illegitimate.

In the Daily Telegraph (1996) appeared an article headed "£200,000 fraudster told his victim "I will make you rich".
A man who conned nearly £200,000 from the "vulnerable" girlfriend of one of Britains' richest men, was jailed for four years yesterday.... Miss Louw was the girlfriend of Jack Delal [sic], a property developer more than 30 years her senior and regarded as among Britain's 50 wealthiest men. But despite her affluent lifestyle, she depended almost entirely on his generosity and had no guarantees about her fiscal future..."

In the Daily Mail of late 1998, Nigel Dempster wrote:
“JACK THE LAD TO BECOME A DAD” With a fortune estimated at £800 million, property Midas ‘Black Jack’ Dellal is about to add to his treasures: the 75 year-old is to become a father again two years after his marriage to the former Ruanne Louw, once a runner-up to Miss South Africa. Dellal, who has been staying with Ruanne at his £400.000 appartment overlooking scenic Clifton Beach in Cape Town, had several daughters and a son Guy by his previous marraiges to former Israeli air hostess Zehava Helmer, whom he met while flying the Friendy Skies.
Black Jack, who became deputy chairman of City finance house Keyser Ullman after they bought his Dalton Barton secondary banking business for £68 million, made another fortune in property - most notably a £75 million profit just over a decade ago when his private company sold the BBC World Service HQ Bush House after buying it for £50 million....
Meanwhile son and heir Guy, who once studied economics at Cape Town University, has been on hand to console Jerry Hall during the break-up of her 21-year relationship from Rolling Stone Mick Jagger. Guy is divorced from Brazilian wife Andrea, the mother of two children, and Jerry has stayed at the Hampshire family estate.

Obituary from The Telegraph, 31 October 2012:
Jack Dellal, who has died aged 89, was a controversial wheeler-dealer in property and finance who survived the market crash of 1973 to build a reputation as one of London’s wiliest moneymakers.

Dellal’s nickname (“Black Jack”) was supposed to come from his love of the gaming tables, though it was also said that in his early working life in Manchester he had been a dealer in black cloth. A diminutive figure, he maintained a low public profile and did business as he played cards with a mixture of bluff, coolness and more than a little cunning.

Perhaps Dellal’s most famous deal was his “flipping” of Bush House, the former BBC World Service headquarters, which he picked up for £55 million in 1987 and sold on to a Japanese investor a few months later for £130 million. Complaints to the DTI led to an investigation, but no proceedings followed.

In 2002 he bid a rumoured £125 million for a remaining 33-year lease on Dolphin Square, the grand Pimlico apartment complex which is home to some 70 MPs. Though he offered every resident a £17,500 windfall, on that occasion he did not prevail.

His biggest play in more recent times was a hugely profitable investment — alongside his protégés Robert and Vincent Tchenguiz, who shared his Iraqi-Jewish heritage — of Shell-Mex House in the Strand, which they bought for £327 million in 2002 and sold for £490 million shortly before the 2008 financial crisis.

Jack Dellal was born in the Chorlton area of south Manchester on October 2 1923, to immigrant parents who had joined the Sephardic community which made its living on the edges of the city’s textile industry. He was educated at Heaton Moor College, and set to work in the post-war years buying and selling cloth and dabbling in local property, before moving to London.

He first came to wider prominence in the early 1970s as the force behind a fast-growing, Knightsbridge-based “fringe bank”, Dalton Barton Securities, which he and his business partner, Stanley Van Gelder, sold for £58 million in late 1972 to Keyser Ullmann, the bank chaired by Edward du Cann, MP.

Dellal became deputy chairman of Keyser Ullmann (KU) — though Dalton Barton remained a separate operation — and the enlarged group embarked on an unrestrained lending spree in the boom market of early 1973, its funds having been boosted by a quick £28 million profit on the sale, negotiated by Dellal, of a subsidiary called Central and District Properties (he kept a framed copy of the cheque on his office wall). As to the accusation that Keyser Ullmann might be expanding too fast for its own good, he told a journalist: “At that time we had a lot of money and the City were telling me, 'Lend it out, lend it out.’”

This he certainly did, more or less doubling the group’s loan book within a year. One of his own private companies, Allied Commercial Exporters, was among the borrowers, along with a roll-call of the raciest names of the overheated London property scene.

KU had sufficient liquidity to weather the first storm of the property crash in December 1973; but by the following summer losses were mounting, rumours were rife, and the Bank of England was obliged to intervene, providing £65 million of “lifeboat” support loans to keep the business alive and replacing the management with safer hands. Dellal resigned in July 1974, and the rest of his executive team soon followed.

Unabashed, he moved to New York and made more money in Manhattan real estate. Returning to London in the 1980s, he made frequent appearances in Private Eye’s investigative Slicker column as he continued to build a fortune that would peak – in the years before the upheavals of 2008 – at more than £600 million; his worth was estimated more recently at £445 million.

Dellal kept homes in London, Monaco and South Africa. He continued to run his master company, Allied Commercial Holdings, with his son Guy — whose half-Brazilian daughter, the model and punk-rocker Alice Dellal, has often graced the gossip columns, having been described as “the face of Mango, the body of Agent Provocateur and the muse of photographer Mario Testino”.

Jack Dellal had seven children by his first wife, an Israeli former air hostess, and two more by his second wife, Ruanne, a former South African beauty queen. He endowed the Suzanne Dellal Centre for Dance and Theatre in Tel Aviv in memory of a daughter who predeceased him. 
DELLAL, Jack (I1159)
 
15 "Chlothacharius rex Francorum" with "Warratone, Baseno grafionibus, item Amalberto, Madelando seniscalcis et Weningo comite palatii" settled a dispute between the church of Rouen and the abbey of St Denis about property previously belonging to "Erchenoaldo quondam maiorum domus…filius eius Leudesius" by charter dated to [659]. He was appointed maior domus of Neustria in [680] by the remaining Neustrian nobility after the murder of Ebroin, and made peace with Pepin maior domus of Austrasia. He was deposed by his son, but restored after the death of the latter....
The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Waratto…matrona…Ansefledis", recording that she encouraged the assassination of "Bercharius". She arranged the assassination of her son-in-law maior domus Berchar in 688. The Annales Metenses name "Drogoni…filium…Hugonem" and record that he was brought up by "matrona Ansfredis avia sua relicta uxor Warattonis". 
of NEUSTRIA, Warato Major Domus of Neustria (I25869)
 
16 "Died quite young" THOMPSON, Abigail (I9885)
 
17 "Geoffroy senex sire de Joinville", with the consent of "Geoffroy son fils et de Hodierne sa bru", donated property to the church of Vaucouleurs, by charter dated to [1070/80]...
The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridus filius eius [=Gaufridi II domnus Ioveville et comes Ioviniaci]" when recording in 1080 that he succeeded on the death of his father. Dudon abbé de Montiérender declared that he summoned "Goffrido iuniore, Junville domino…advocati…Blesensis" to Meaux, that the latter was unable to present himself because of the captivity of "filii sui Stephani", and that Geoffroy had therefore agreed with the abbey to hold his avouerie on the same terms as "son aïeul Etienne", by charter dated to [1088]. "Gaufredus de Junccivilla" is named in a charter dated to [1089/90]/1093] which records that "defuncto filius eius Gaufredus" donated property to the abbey of Molesme, subscribed by "Warnerio gener eius".

-----------------------------

Geoffroy II, décédé vers 1096 est un seigneur de Joinville.

De même que son grand-père Etienne de Vaux et que son père Geoffroy I, il fut avoué de l'abbaye de Montier-en-Der pour la vallée de la Blaise. Comme eux, il se considérait comme maître des biens et territoires qui avaient été confiés à sa protection. De plus, il s'attribuait bien volontiers, par ses menaces, des biens et contributions qu'il n'était pas en droit de lever.
Sachant qu'il était un familier du comte de Champagne, l'abbé appela ce seigneur puissant pour régler ces litiges.

Goeffroy II, craignant une sentence sévère, et profitant de l'absence du comte lors de la tentative de conciliation, conclut avec l'abbé un accord semblable à celui qui, en son temps, avait évité à Etienne de Vaux d'être frappé par l'anathème.

Les moines, toutefois instruits par l'expérience, exigèrent des garanties, qu'ils n'avaient pas osé demander à Etienne de Vaux : dix hommes libres du seigneur de Joinville durent jurer de veiller à l'exécution du pacte, avec obligation de réparer sous 40 jours les dommages que leur suzerain pourrait causer à l'abbaye. Cet accord était perpétuel : à la mort d'un de ces hommes, le seigneur de Joinville devait en désigner un autre, et solvable...

On peut ici noter la rapide ascension sociale des seigneurs de Joinville. Alors qu'Etienne de Vaux, quelque soixante quinze ans plus tôt, fréquentait les comtes de Brienne, puissants seigneurs de la région, son petit-fils tenait un rang dans l'entourage des Comtes de Champagne, suzerains dominants.

Il épousa une fille de Jocelin de Courtenay (Vaindemonde ou Hodierne ???)

Sources
▪ Gallica Delaborde, Henri-François (1854-1927). Jean de Joinville et les seigneurs de Joinville 
de JOINVILLE, Geoffroy II Seigneur de Joinville (I26350)
 
18 "Gozfridus de novo castello" donated property to Montiérender by charter dated [1061/62 or before] in which he names "pater suus Stephanus". The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum" as son of "Stephano…de Vallibus", specifying that he was "comes Ioviniaci et secundus dominus Ioneville"... Avocat de Blaise. Brunon abbé de Montiérender declared that "Geoffroy de Novo Castello", having demanded the return of some churches taken by his father, was granted the church of Dommartin for life, by charter dated to [1050/80].

---------------------------

Geoffroy Ier de Joinville († 1080) fut un seigneur de Joinville, fils d'Étienne de Vaux.

Dans le deuxième tiers du xie siècle (en 1055 suivant Aubry de Trois-Fontaines), le seigneur de Joinville convoitait le territoire du Bolenois appartenant alors aux comtes du Bolenois, seigneurs de Sexfontaines. Suite à une bataille, en 1055, Geoffroy fut fait prisonnier, et son fils Houdouin de Nully tué. Dans sa chronique, Aubry nous informe qu'il vécut encore vingt-six ans et que son fils laissa trois jeunes enfants :

Geoffroy reprit à son compte les mauvaises habitudes de son père, et il n'hésitait pas à s'attribuer biens et revenus des religieux dont il avait les avoueries, particulièrement ceux des moines de l'abbaye de Montier-en-Der.

Son père Étienne avait déjà été menacé d'excommunication pour ses exactions envers les religieux, le pape Léon IX (Brunon, ancien évêque de Toul) réitéra ses menaces d'anathème contre Geoffroy.

Deux églises avaient été déjà rendues par Étienne, et Geoffroy, plus tard, un peu plus respectueux des moines, essaya de «««« régulariser la situation »»»». Il demanda à l'abbé du Der de lui abandonner le bénéfice de quelques églises, et pour montrer sa bonne volonté, il lui restitua spontanément celle de Dommartin.

Les moines, fort satisfaits, accordèrent à Geoffroy et à deux de ses héritiers, pour leur vie, les églises de Trémilly, Ragecourt et Fays, (qu'Étienne n'avait pas rendu de ses précédentes spoliations), ainsi que celle de Gourzon.

Était-ce de la générosité de la part des moines ?

On peut en douter, car, sur la charte de concession, on trouve une formule qui précède la signature de nombre des fidèles compagnons de Geoffroy :«««« signum Goffridi,cum fidelibus sui »»»»
Geoffroy fait signer après lui, ses amis… portant l'épée…

Que pouvaient faire les pauvres moines qui n'avaient pour se défendre que des menaces d'excommunication contre des chevaliers puissants ? d'autant plus que les Comtes de Champagne s'étaient mis, eux aussi à piller régulièrement les terres de l'abbaye.

Toutefois, à la fin de sa vie, Geoffroy changea complètement sa conduite. S'apercevant un jour que des laïcs ne peuvent posséder d'églises, il restitua celle de Wassy, que ses aïeux avaient tenu des évêques de Châlons.

Geoffroy Ier était marié à Blanche, fille d'Arnoul, comte de Reynel. Lesquels eurent :

▪ Houdouin de Nully, ou Hilduin de Nuilly[1] tué en 1055, époux de ... dont : Gautier, Wicher, et Hesceline[2].
▪ Geoffroy II de Joinville dit senex, épouse Hodierne[3]
▪ Renard de Joinville
▪ Étienne de Joinville, abbé de l'Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Bèze
▪ Roger de Joinville, seigneur de Joinville après Geoffroy II, époux d'Adélaïde de Vignory. Ses fils, Geoffroy III devint sénéchal de la cour de Champagne[4], Guy évêque de Chalons, mourra en Terre Sainte.

Bibliographie
▪ Du Cange, Généalogie de la Maison de Joinville
▪ Henri-François Delaborde, Jean de Joinville et les seigneurs de Joinville suivi d'un catalogue de leurs actes, Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1894

Sources
▪ Gallica Delaborde, Henri-François (1854-1927). Jean de Joinville et les seigneurs de Joinville

Notes et références
1 Cabinet des manuscrits, Trésor généalogique, fol 86v°. D'après le Cartulaire de Boulancourt, fol 23
2 Les Cahiers Haut-Marnais - n°190 - 1992 - p. 4 (pour quelques informations sur la revue : [1])
3 Charte de donation de la Chapelle de Vaucouleurs
4 Pierre Ulrich, Guy de Joinville, évêque de Châlons, in Mémoires de la socièté d'agriculture, commerce, sciences et arts du département de la Marne, tome 77, 1962, Chalons-sur-Marne. 
de JOINVILLE, Geoffroy I Seigneur de Joinville (I26352)
 
19 "Grand'mère de H. Holzer, auteur du receuil familial" EGGER, Rosina (I1436)
 
20 "Horse-breeding had always been carried on, the earliest breeding being for Indian cavalry markets. Advertisements of stallion-owners in about 1905 indicate the breadth of the spectrum of sires available. A. Mitchell offered his pure Clydesdale, Young Pride, to compete with H. Croxford's Clydesdale, Young Lockie. J.J. Croxford offered the services of his Irish hunter, Subah, whose progeny had allegedly brought between 25 and 45 pounds a head on the Indian market".

from "Violet Town or Honeysuckle in Australia Felix" by Don Garden, published by MU Press1985. p. 309 
CROXFORD, Henry (I7059)
 
21 "Jay" BRUNE as Guiseppe was called, studied medecine in Ferrara. In 1928, disgusted by fascism, of which he saw the effects on the people who came to his hospital to be patched up, he went to the USA. He also remembers his father telling him that only fascists had any chance of getting anywhere in their lives. BRUNE, Giuseppe Baldassarre (I550)
 
22 "Le Tort" (hunchback); Given Mitford by the Conqueror BERTRAN, Robert de Bricquebec (I12815)
 
23 "Lehrerin in Môtiers" EGGER, Ida (I1914)
 
24 "Lehrerin, Thun" THIEBAUD, Mathilde "Mimi" (I1387)
 
25 "Marriage with Henry Evans was bigamous" THOMERSON, Mary Anne (I255)
 
26 "Mr. Edgar Taylor, in his notes to Wace, says 'Geffery de Tregoz would, according to Dugdale, be the probable contemporary of the Conquest.' This Geoffrey must be an earlier Geoffrey de Tregoz than the one mentioned by Dugdale, who was the son of William de Tregoz, and could not have been old enough in 1066 to have fought at Senlac, where Wace tells us that "he who then held Tregoz" killed two Englishmen, transfixing one with his lance and cleaving the skull of the other with his sword, and galloping back unwounded by the enemy." This Geoffrey may have been the father of William de Tregoz.

~The Conqueror and His Companions, p. 298

From The Topographer and Genealogists, 1853, Vol. II, p. 124:

"William de Tregoz, who flourished in the reign of Henry I and whom the great Pipe Roll of 31 Henry I 1130/1 makes much mention" of William and " proves William Tregoz to have been a man of much consequence, and to have been concerned in Norfolk, Essex, Berks, and Lincolnshire; and moreover, that he had the lands of William Peverell, of London, in farm. Tregoz married and had issue, and very probably that Agnes Tregoz, whom we find living in 9 Richard I as concerned in Norfolk and Essex, was his widow. His issue were apparently three sons and one daughter." 
de TREGOZ, William (I24724)
 
27 "Odo puer nepos comiti Tethberti" witnessed a charter dated to [6 Dec 1047/31 Aug 1055] under which the canons of St Maurice d'Angers temporarily relinquished certain rights in the church of Joué. He succeeded his father in [1048] as Comte de Troyes. He succeeded as Comte d’Aumâle, de iure uxoris. He was disinherited before 1071 and sought refuge in Normandy. He was granted the lordship of Holderness in [1087] by William I King of England, following the forfeiture of Drogo de La Beuvrière. A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of “manerium Horneshay et ecclesiam…et Marram eius piscaturam et Thorp ibi juxta” by “Odo comes et Stephanus filius eius”. Florence of Worcester records that "comitem Odonem de Campania…Stephani patrem" was imprisoned in [1096] for his part in the conspiracy which planned to place his son on the English throne. He lost the lordship of Holderness. ... He is referred to as “comes Odo” in the Lindsey survey 1115/18.
---------------------------------
Count of Troyes and of Meaux from 1047 to 1066, then Count of Aumale from 1069 to 1115...
He was still a minor at the death of his father, and his uncle Theobald III of Blois acted as regent of Troyes...
Adelaide was also sister of William the Conqueror and Eudes accompanied his brother-in-law in the Norman conquest of England (1066). Theobald III then seized Eudes' counties in the Champagne region, but Eudes accepted from William the County of Aumale in the Duchy of Normandy and the County of Holderness in the Kingdom of England. Implicated in a plot against the King William Rufus, he was imprisoned in 1095.
---------------------------------
Comte de Troyes (1048) et d’Aumale (c. 1060), comte de Champagne, deshérité avant 1071, réfugié en Normandie, reçoit la seigneurie d’Holderness (1087) par le roi Guillaume II après la trahison de Dreu (Drogo) de La Beuvrière, emprisonné (1096) pour complicité de conspiration et déchu de ses biens anglais (encore nommé "comte Odo" à Lindsey en 1015/18) (cité chartes datées des 06/12/1047 et 31/08/1055 à Saint-Maurice d’Angers concernant l’église de Joué) 
de TROYES, Eudes or Odo III Comte de Troyes & d’Aumâle (I25794)
 
28 "of Burleigh Street, Sunderland"
The Great Card Index 
LAIDMAN, Margaret Ann (I3452)
 
29 "of Leeds". Lived at Wymondham until May 1878. Had a serious mental problem BILBOROUGH, William Henry (I2146)
 
30 "of Linstead" BARTRAM, William (I2119)
 
31 "of Northampton, a Shoemaker Journeyman" 20.5.96

1841 census return: HO107 814/10 folio 23 page 4
Northampton, Peter Street
Charles Gubbins, 19, Shoe Mr., Y
[Note: in the household of Thomas Wright, shoemaker]

1851 census return: Not found 
GUBBINS, Charles (I1994)
 
32 "of Oxford" 20.5.96 GUBBINS, William (I1998)
 
33 "of Parkham Hackeston" WOOLNER, John (I2098)
 
34 "of Poole" 20.5.96 GUBBINS, Irvin (I2023)
 
35 "of Silver Street in Sunderland" [The Great Card Index]
1799: “Of Sunderland nr the Sea” 
LAIDMAN, Mary (I3455)
 
36 "of Sunderland"
The Great Card Index

The Universal British Directory, published in five volumes (1795-6) has under Sunderland (principal inhabitants), p. 514:
CUSTOM-HOUSE
Thomas Laidman

Thomas Laidman (L1837), Surgeon of Sunderland, could be this Thomas’ father. 
LAIDMAN, Thomas (I3453)
 
37 "of Sunderland"
The Great Card Index
There is a administration bond dated 20 May 1815 binding Frances Laidman “the lawful widow and Administratrix of all and singular the Goods, Chattels, Rights, and Credits of Thomas Laidman late of Sunderland in the County and Diocese of Durham Officer in the Customs deceased” in the amount of £300 (Durham Probate Records) 
LACKENBY, Frances (I3454)
 
38 "of Westleton" ETHRIDGE, William (I2123)
 
39 "Old Sir William." He succeeded his father, Sir Robert Bowes. The "sole surviving heir of the whole family." - from "Geographical and Historical information from the year 1890" by George Bulmer. I assume that means that all of his brothers died sine prole. He was born in 1389 in Durham. He married Joan [Jane], the daughter of Ralph Lord Greystock, in about 1415 and acquired the manor of Newton, in Durham. She was the daughter of Ralph Lord Greystoke and Elizabeth FitzHugh. She died within the year, however, leaving him an infant son. Sir William mourned her loss by living a widower for the rest of his life.
He was knighted at the battle of Vernoile [Verneuil] in 1424.

----------------------------------------

At the southern end of South Street lies the ground known as the Bellasis (Belasis xiii cent., Bellasis, Bellasyse xv cent., Bellaces xvi cent.). It takes its name from German de Bellasis, the 13th-century tenant, whose daughters Agnes and Sybil granted it to the Prior and Convent of Durham. An orchard in Bellasis, formerly held by Isabel Payntour, was held by Sir William Bowes of the Prior in 1430, and land here remained in the hands of the Bowes family until the 16th century.

From: 'Parishes: St Oswalds's - Manors', A History of the County of Durham: Volume 3 (1928), pp. 157-174. 
BOWES, Sir William (I22320)
 
40 "Radulfus Basset filius Ricardi Basset" confirmed the donation of "terram de Niwebold…de feodo de Colestona" to Eynsham abbey made by "Radulfus Basset auus meus" by charter dated to [1144/63], witnessed by "Ricardus abbas Legrec, Robertus frater eius, Adel uxor mea, Thomas de Sais et Willelmus et Robertus filii eius…" "Galfridus Ridel" granted Colston "de feodo meo quæ fuit Gevæ Ridel avæ nostræ…Draituna", which "Radulfus Basset avus meus et Ricardus Basset pater noster" had granted, to "Radulfo Basset fratri meo", as well as other grants naming "Matildis Ridel matris meæ", by charter dated to [1150]. Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Eynsham abbey, including the donations by "Gisleberti Basset decimam de Stratona…Radulfi Basset decimam…de Estlaia" by charter dated 20 Dec [1159/61][368]. Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus Basset" used to hold one knight´s fee from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) now held by "hæres Radulfi Basset junioris". The 1163/64 Pipe Roll records that "Wills Basset…ipsi Willo" made payment "p debito Rad fris sui" in Leicestershire. BASSET, Ralph Lord of Drayton, Staffordshire (I26383)
 
41 "Roger filius Ansketil: Norman, Domesday tenant in Kent (sic) of Odo of Bayeux. Ansketil of Maltot (Calvados, cat. Evrecy) and his son Roger occur in charters for Saint-Etienne de Caen of the 1080s (Actes Caen. 7 & 18)"

These Kentish holdings in 1086 included Eastling and Hastingleigh.

This identification appears to be confirmed by a reference to Weston Turville having been held in the time of Henry I (r 1100-1135) by "Roger the son of Anketill" (VCH Bucks, II, p 366, citing Curia Regis R. 55, m 8). Lipscombe (Bucks, II, p 492-3) says "It is extremely probable that the family of Turville, from which this place [ie Weston Turville] took its distinguishing appellation, was descended from the same Roger." 
FITZANSKETIL, Roger of Weston (Turville), Buckinghamshire (I28015)
 
42 "St. Sulpice, puis Carouge, puis Argentine". EGGER, Samuel (I1556)
 
43 "St. Sulpice, puis Illinois". EGGER, Gottfried (I1546)
 
44 "The burial place in Morpeth churchyard of the family of Marr was in the angle formed by the chancel and the south aisle. On one of the tombstones there may be traced the remains of an inscription which seems to read:
...William Marr, butcher, son of the above William Marr, died February 20, 1802, aged 69 years. Mary, daughter of the above John Marr, sen., died September 1, 1806, aged 28 years. Elizabeth, his daughter, wife to George Laidman, died 18 February, 1809, aged 23.... On another stone there is an inscription:
To the memory of John Marr, tanner, who died February 7, 1791, aged 38 years. And of Barbara, his wife, who died April 8, 1793, aged 37 years. Likewise four of their children, viz., George, Barbara, William and Ann, who died young. Also Barbara, their daughter, who died 13 April, 1808, aged 17 years."

Although the dates fit, it is not clear however whether John Marr the tanner was indeed the father of Elizabeth who married George Laidman. 
MARR, John (I2852)
 
45 "The Drumskinney" WYLIE, Isabella Jane (I5462)
 
46 "The Drumskinney" WILEY, Thomas /WYLIE (I6273)
 
47 "THIS INDENTURE WITNESSETH, That Leonard Laidman Son of John Laidman Gentleman decsd doth put himself Apprentice to George Sallier Citizen and JOINER of London, to learn his Art; and with him (after the manner of an Apprentice) to serve from the Day of the Date hereof unto the full end and term of seven Years...." Indenture dated 1748

7 Feb 1749 a Leonard Laidman was registered apprentice to George Sallier [?], joiner of the City of London:
Masters & Apprentices 1749, page 182:
1749 Thursday May ye 11th
No: 2
Masters Names Place of Abode & Trade: Geo: Sallis Cit & Joyner
Apps. Names & Fathers &c: Leonard Son of John Laidman

All Leonard’s childrens’ parish baptism entries mention Leonard as “Carver”. This strengthens our case that this is the Leonard who was apprenticed joiner in 1748, since there is a common link in woodworking.

As to his father being John Laidman, in Leonard's apprentice indenture of 7 Feb 1748, his father is named as John Laidman, and described as "Gentleman, decsd." If Leonard was applying for an apprenticeship in 1748, he was probably born around 1734. As his father was deceased in 1748, this would suggest that he died young. So we are looking for a John Laidman who either entered into a late marriage or was born ca 1700 or slightly later.

Contenders for this John Laidman are:
(1) Revd. John Laidman (K1007). Unlikely; although he died in 1745 his youngest known child was born in 1722, and there is no mention in ordination papers of a son Leonard or any more children other than those we have. Leonard is also a traditional given name of Bowes/2 group, and Revd, John belongs to Richmond/1 group.
(2) K1576 - died at birth
(3) K1902 had a son Leonard who was a watchmaker, an unlikely progression from joiner...
(4) K2008. Assuming this John was baptised within a year or so of his birth, he was only about 21 when he died, so probably not married by then - or if so, only just, and any children would have had to have been born before 1703.
(5) K2018. He is a possibility, although nothing is known about him. But he is Bowes/5 group, in which the name Leonard does not appear.
(6) K1975 is the best choice. Nothing is known about him, so he could easily have moved to London. He had a father Leonard and a brother Leonard, making it a strong family name. We only have baptisms for his brothers Richard and Christopher in 1680 and 1691 respectively, and as the parents married in 1679, we would expect John (and Christopher) to have been born from the middle to late 1680’s or 1690’s, and therefore marrying any time from 1710 to 1720 or later, and this would fit in really well with the birth of a son in about 1734.

Of course there is always the possibility that there is another John that has not been turned up in our research...

May have had a daughter Mary.

A witness at the trial of his son Joseph, 1792 (q.v), states that Joseph’s father “was a cabinet maker in the employment of Mr Siddons Aldersgate Street”.

Possibly the Leonard Laidman of the City of London, who is one of the thousands of signatories to an address to King George III, published in The London Gazette, no. 12108, 8 August 1780, p.1:
To the KING’s Most Excellent Majesty.
Most Gracious Sovereign,
We, your Majesty’s most dutiful and layal Subjects, Livermen, Freemen, and Others, Inhabitants of the City of London, whose names are hereunto subscribed, with sentiments full of Duty and Affection to your Majesty’s Person and Family, humbly beg Leave to express our most grateul Thanks for that Protection, which, by the Wisdom, Vigilence, and Activity of your Majesty in Council, was so seasonably given to us, at a Time when our Lives, Property, and every Thing dear to us, were in such imminent Danger, from the Violence of the most outrageous Banditti that ever existed....
[Note: this probably refers to the Gordon riots, an anti-Catholic uprising that culminated in widespread rioting and looting in London in June 1780] 
LAIDMAN, Leonard of London (I3466)
 
48 "Wetton" Family F1668
 
49 '1761, 21 Feb., was married at Ponteland, Patrick Blake, esq. senior captain in Col. Petitot's regiment and brother to Sir Hewlich Blake, bart., to Miss Forster, Higham Dikes.' [Newcastle] Courant.

'1763, 19 March, the lady of Patrick Blake, esq. of a son at his house in Bolton Street, London.' Ibid.

1780, Nov. . . 'A few days ago at Winchester, Hyacinth Kirwan, esq. of the kingdom of Ireland, to
Miss Blake eldest daughter and one of the co-heiresses of the late Patrick Blake, esq. of Higham Dikes.' Ibid.

Nov. 11, 1780. Mrs. Blake succeeded to Higham Dikes under her father's will. 
BLAKE, Elizabeth Frances (I20272)
 
50 'Admissions to the Freedom of York: 21-45 Elizabeth I (1578-1603)', Register of the Freemen of the City of York: Vol. 2: 1559-1759 (1900), pp. 21-48. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=50499.

26 ELIZ., ANDR, TREWE, MAJORE. ROB. HARRYSON, JOH. RACE, MARCHS., RAD. HARTE, MERC., THO. ASQUYTH, DRAP., WILL. RICHARDSON, PEWT., JAC. MUDD, BOCHER, CAMERARIIS

[1584] Edwardus Laydman, porter, fil. Guidonis Laydman, glover

Tradesmen of York (1559-1759)
No man or woman could trade in the city of York without having obtained 'freedom' of the city. Their names were recorded on the 'Freemen's Roll', or Register of the Freemen of the City of York, which contains about 16,600 names for this period. A list of names was prepared for each year. Each annual list starts with the name of the mayor and the camerarii or chamberlains. The chamberlains were freemen charged with the duty of receiving the fees of the new freemen; of seeing that only freemen traded in the city; and of preparing this roll, which was compiled from the names on their own account books from the receipts for the fees. There are three groups of freemen: those who obtained freedom after serving out an apprenticeship to a freeman; the children of freemen (per patres); and a handful who claimed freedom by 'redemption', i. e. by purchase or gift from the Mayor and Court of Aldermen. 
LAYDMAN, Edward (I16680)
 

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